Project location: Vietnam
Funding agency: KFH-DC, Conference of the Swiss Universities of Applied Sciences (KFH) – Development Cooperation (DC)
Brief project description: Asses the vulnerability of Vietnam to rainfall induced shallow landslides trough the developement and application of coupled landslide models in order to support the development of disaster resilient communities.
Swiss Partners:IIstituto Scienze della Terra, CP 72, CH-6952 Canobbio, Switzerland - Dr. Massimiliano Cannata
Vietnamese Partner:Hanoi University of Mining and Geology, Dong Ngac, Tu Liem-Hanoi, Vietnam - Prof. Truong Xuan Luan
Motivation: There is mounting evidence that climate-related disaster events are having an impact on developing countries in Southeast Asia, home to more than 570 million people. While researchers and scientists reveal that climate change is set to reverse decades of social and economic progress, the international climate change spotlight has not yet fallen on Southeast Asia as attention is focused more on the industrializing giants China, India and Brazil. Millions of people in the region tend to suffer most from the catastrophic impacts of global warming coupled with recurring food, oil and financial crisis, and typically, these will be the poorest people and the most vulnerable communities who may have little information about impending hazards and are often the least able to rebuild their lives and livelihoods after having suffered a setback.
The Philippines, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos, Sumatra and Indonesia are among the countries identified as climate change “hotspots”-countries particularly vulnerable to some of the worst manifestations of climate change, such as the increase in extreme drought, flooding, sealevel rise, landslide and cyclones expected in the coming decades. This, according to a new report of Eepsea funded by Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC), an international organization public corporation created in 1970 to support research in developing countries.
In the last years in Vietnam a wide regional variations in rainfall have been recorded, but the annual volume has remained largely stable. However, the localised intensity and unpredictability of the rainfall has increased, causing severe floods and shaollow landslides. Climate changes scenarios for the future years forecast an increasing of intense rainfalls that are the primary triggering cause of shallow landslides activation.
Goals / expected results: The major goals are: contribute to the risk reduction in Vietnam and strenght the expertise in natural hazard and risk reduction of both the partners. The main expected results are: a model able to forecast shallow landslide likely occurence and exposed areas, two seminars on shallow landslide risk management, and one scientific puibblication on an international journal.
Importance of the research for the partners: The project gives the opportunity to IST to conduct applied research on the landslide hazard modeling. It also provide an effective way for improve the IST expertise in risk reduction in developing countries, where data availability, social conditions and infrastructure are strongly different from the European standards.This project provides an opportunity for HUMG to acquire experience iin the management of landslide risks, the modeling of this natural hazard and the dissemination of geographical information. It also
strength HUMG’s capacity in interdisciplinary participation action research and connect HUMG with SUPSI's collaboration network.
Duration of project: 12 months